Quick Answer: What are the different precautions to prevent disease transmission?

What are the 5 types of precautions?

Infection Control and Prevention – Transmission-based precautions

  • Contact Precautions. …
  • Droplet Precautions. …
  • Airborne Precautions. …
  • Eye Protection.

What are the 8 Standard Precautions for infection control?

8.1 Standard precautions

  • hand hygiene and cough etiquette.
  • the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • the safe use and disposal of sharps.
  • routine environmental cleaning.
  • incorporation of safe practices for handling blood, body fluids and secretions as well as excretions [91].

What are the different types of isolation precautions?

There are three categories of Transmission-Based Precautions: Contact Precautions, Droplet Precautions, and Airborne Precautions.

What are the 10 standard infection control precautions?

The 10 Standard Infection Control Precautions (SICP)

  • Patient assessment for infection risk.
  • Hand hygiene.
  • Respiratory and cough hygiene.
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Safe management of equipment.
  • Safe management of environment.
  • Safe management of blood and body fluids.
  • Safe management of linen.
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What are the different types of disease transmission?

Modes of transmission

  • Direct. Direct contact. Droplet spread.
  • Indirect. Airborne. Vehicleborne. Vectorborne (mechanical or biologic)

What are protective precautions?

Protective Isolation aims to protect an immunocompromised patient who is at high risk of acquiring micro-organisms from either the environment or from other patients, staff or visitors.

What are standard transmission precautions?

Transmission-Based Precautions are the second tier of basic infection control and are to be used in addition to Standard Precautions for patients who may be infected or colonized with certain infectious agents for which additional precautions are needed to prevent infection transmission.

What are standard precautions?

Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

How do transmission-based precautions differ from standard precautions?

Standard precautions are the minimum infection prevention and control practices that must be used at all times for all patients in all situations. Transmission-based precautions are used when standard precautions alone are not sufficient to prevent the spread of an infectious agent.

What are the three types of additional precautions?

Types of Additional Precautions. There are three categories of additional precautions: contact precautions, droplet precautions, and airborne precautions.

Which of the following is an example of a transmission precaution?

If the person you are visiting is on transmission-based precautions (e.g., contact, droplet, or airborne isolation), talk to the nurse before entering the room to find out what steps you will have to take—such as, wearing a mask, a gown, and/or gloves.

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What are the three basic elements of airborne precautions?

The three major components of airborne isolation precautions as a strategy for reducing transmission of aerosol transmissible diseases are (1) physical space and engineering controls, (2) healthcare personnel respiratory protection and personal protective equipment, and (3) clinical protocols, policies, procedures, and …

What are the 9 key areas that define standard precautions?

Standard precautions include: • hand hygiene, before and after every episode of patient contact (ie 5 Moments for Hand Hygiene); • the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) – see Table 2; • the safe use and disposal of sharps; • routine environmental cleaning; • reprocessing of reusable medical equipment and …

How many standard precautions are there for infection prevention and control?

Standard precautions consist of eight key elements. These include correct hand hygiene, safe cleaning and decontamination, safe handling and disposal of waste and linen, sharps safety, correct use of personal protective clothing, safe handling of blood and body fluids and respiratory hygiene.

What are additional precautions?

Additional Precautions are infection prevention and control precautions and practices required in addition to Routine Practices. They are based on the mode (means) of transmission of the infectious agent: airborne, droplet, and contact.