While most people assume the bumper is the visible, front fascia of a modern car, it’s actually a hidden structure behind the bumper cover. … Behind the bumper (also known as a bumper reinforcement), you’ll find energy absorbers.
What is the plastic under the bumper called?
That’s why some automakers add a plastic strip (also called a front lower valance or air dam) to the bottom of the bumper on their cars. However, these plastic strips are also vulnerable to damage, as plastic breaks easily.
What is behind a bumper cover?
This part is generally called the impact bar, or sometimes reinforcement bar or bumper reinforcer, and, along with the (often styrofoam, sometimes plastic, missing or hidden in your picture) absorber pad, serves the actual safety purpose of a modern bumper. The plastic piece is called the bumper cover.
What does the plastic under the bumper do?
A lower bumper cover helps to guide air through the radiator. If it were not in place, some of the air that comes in the grille would escape through the resulting gap. A lower bumper cover improves your car’s aerodynamics. It helps reduce drag.
What goes under bumper?
A bumper valance, also known as an air dam or rear spoiler, is a panel located below the bumper, usually installed for decorative or aerodynamic purposes.
What is the plastic guard under the front bumper?
3 Answers. As @MooseLucifer said in the comment, these deflector strips are generally there for air deflection. They do two things – one, they change the air pressure under the car helping stability at speed, and two, they (sometimes) help divert airflow up to the radiator.
What is the plastic thing under my car?
The engine splash shield, also known as the skid plate, lower engine cover, or engine splash guard, is a panel located underneath your vehicle’s engine to protect it from debris on the road.
Is there a difference between a bumper and a bumper cover?
A bumper is meant to protect the car, other bodywork, and occupants during a collision. A bumper cover covers the actual bumper. It may be designed for additional safety, performance, or for aesthetic reasons.
Is a bumper cover worth it?
While bumper guards can protect your car in a minor collision, they don’t provide the same absorption power to the other vehicle, which may mean the other driver will experience more serious car damage or personal injury. … Too much structural damage may make your car too dangerous to drive at all.
What is the difference between fender and bumper?
They are both cushioned items used to protect a boat from impact or abrasion, either from another boat or a fixed structure, like a dock or pier. Technically, there’s one differentiator. A fender is attached to the boat. A bumper is attached to the fixed structure.
Do I need the plastic under my car?
A plastic engine splash shield (under cover, under shield) protects the engine compartment from water and dirt. To a small degree, it reduces the aerodynamic drag, and as a result, improves highway fuel economy.
What is the purpose of air dam on truck?
Air dams are lower extensions of the front bumper that redirects air flow under the vehicle. Active air dams are automated extensions that further changes the airflow to increase aero dynamics. This system is designed to reduce drag to ultimately aid in fuel efficiency.
Can you drive without splash shield?
Is It Ok To Drive Without Engine Splash Shield? If you drive your car without a splash shield for a short period of time, you should be fine. The benefit of a shield is that it keeps mud off your engine, and it will reduce the noise of your car. If you drive without one for a long time, your engine may become damaged.
Is my bumper plastic or metal?
Most OEM bumpers are made out of plastic and feature an aluminum or steel reinforcement bar hidden in the middle. Some bumpers may also contain polypropylene in order to help absorb energy during an impact.
They might be simple cover pieces that conceal areas below the level of the bumper (or bumper cover) that would otherwise be exposed. In the front, this would effectively cover and protect the lower part of the radiator. … Rear valance panels are sometimes described as “lower bumper covers”.