In a DC motor, the stator provides a rotating magnetic field that drives the armature to rotate. A simple DC motor uses a stationary set of magnets in the stator, and a coil of wire with a current running through it to generate an electromagnetic field aligned with the centre of the coil.
How does a DC motor rotate?
When the motor is powered by DC current, a magnetic field is created within the stator, attracting and repelling the magnets on the rotor. This causes the rotor to start rotating. To keep the rotor rotating, the motor has a commutator. … This way the rotor can keep spinning.
What causes a motor to spin?
An electric rotor. … They operate using principles of electromagnetism, which shows that a force is applied when an electric current is present in a magnetic field. This force creates a torque on a loop of wire present in the magnetic field, which causes the motor to spin and perform useful work.
Can DC motors spin both ways?
Simply put, DC motors can turn in either direction (clockwise or counter-clockwise) and can be easily controlled by inverting the polarity of the applied voltage.
What is the rotating part of a DC motor called?
With this simple understanding, we can divide any motor into two physical parts; one part which rotates—called the rotor—and one part which doesn’t— called the stator. Figure 1 shows a simple diagram of an electrical machine showing the rotor and stator. DC motors use DC current and voltage to power the motor.
How does a spinning motor work?
When you give the coil a spin, since one side of the wire is insulated, you break the circuit briefly, so the coil continues to rotate using its momentum. When the circuit is complete again, the magnetic field once again repels the coil, so it keeps spinning. The motor can continue to spin until the battery is dead!
How do you make a motor spin faster?
The speed of rotation of the coil can be increased by:
- increasing the size of the current;
- using a stronger magnet;
- increasing the number of turns of wire in the coil;
- reducing friction between the coil and the axel it rotates on.
What force makes coils spin?
A coil of wire becomes an electromagnet when current passes through it. The electromagnet interacts with a permanent magnet, causing the coil to spin.
How do you reverse a DC motor spin?
How to Reverse Your DC Motor. Your DC motor can be configured to turn in either direction by simply inverting the polarity of the applied voltage. The change in the flow of current switches the direction of the spinning force, causing the motor’s shaft to begin turning in the opposite direction.
Are DC motors reversible?
Are DC motors Reversible
In short, yes. If you reverse the voltage to the motor, it will rotate in the opposite direction.
How do you reverse the direction of a DC motor?
The direction of rotation of DC series motor may be reversed by changing the polarity of either field or the armature winding.