This simple electric motor works by the magnetic force F = IL x B. The magnetic field at both of these spots points in the same direction. … Thus, the magnetic force on the wire at opposite ends of the loop points in opposite directions, causing it to spin.
How does a simple motor work?
The simple motor built in class uses a coil that is a temporary electromagnet. This coil gets the force to help create torque from the electrical current supplied by the battery. The donut magnet used in the motor is a permanent magnet, which means it has a north and a south pole that are permanently in place.
What causes an electric motor to work?
They operate using principles of electromagnetism, which shows that a force is applied when an electric current is present in a magnetic field. This force creates a torque on a loop of wire present in the magnetic field, which causes the motor to spin and perform useful work.
How does a simple electric motor?
The basic idea of an electric motor is really simple: you put electricity into it at one end and an axle (metal rod) rotates at the other end giving you the power to drive a machine of some kind. … When an electric current starts to creep along a wire, it creates a magnetic field all around it.
What factors affect the operation of a simple electric motor?
Factors Affecting Motor Performance
- Voltage of Power Supply.
- Type of Power Supply.
- Winding Specifications.
- Environmental Temperature.
- Type of Magnet.
- Flux Yoke.
How does a motor work physics?
A simple electric motor can be built using a coil of wire that is free to rotate between two opposite magnetic poles. When an electric current flows through the coil, the coil experiences a force and moves. … When the electric current changes direction, the same end of the electromagnet becomes its south pole.
What is the importance of electric motor in our daily household chores?
Electric motors are extremely important in modern-day life. They are used in vacuum cleaners, dishwashers, computer printers, fax machines, video cassette recorders, machine tools, printing presses, automobiles, subway systems, sewage treatment plants, and water pumping stations, to mention only a few applications.
How do simple electric motors and generators work?
A generator converts mechanical energy into electrical energy, while a motor does the opposite – it converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Both devices work because of electromagnetic induction, which is when a voltage is induced by a changing magnetic field.
Why starter is used in DC motor?
Starters are used to protect DC motors from damage that can be caused by very high current and torque during startup. They do this by providing external resistance to the motor, which is connected in series to the motor’s armature winding and restricts the current to an acceptable level.