Pollutants produced by vehicle exhausts include carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, particles, volatile organic compounds and sulfur dioxide. Hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides react with sunlight and warm temperatures to form ground-level ozone.
What are the pollutants released by motor vehicles?
The main pollutants emitted are carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides.
What are the major pollutants of automobile?
The major pollutants released as vehicle/fuel emissions are, carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), photochemical oxidants, air toxics, namely benzene (C6H6), aldehydes, 1,3 butadiene (C4H6), lead (Pb), particulate matter (PM), hydrocarbon (HC), oxides of sulphur (SO2) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).
What is the major pollutant from automobile exhaust?
Motor vehicle pollution
The most widely reported pollutants in vehicular exhaust include carbon monoxide, nitrogen and sulfur oxides, unburned hydrocarbons (from fuel and crankcase oil), particulate matter, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and other organic compounds that derive from combustion [3–5].
What is pollution from cars called?
Carbon monoxide (CO).
This odorless, colorless, and poisonous gas is formed by the combustion of fossil fuels such as gasoline and is emitted primarily from cars and trucks. When inhaled, CO blocks oxygen from the brain, heart, and other vital organs.
How do motor vehicles cause air pollution?
Since the engines are consuming fuel and air and create heat in the combustion process, nitrogen from the air can be transformed into nitrogen oxides which are reddish brown gases that irritate the lungs and eyes. Pollutants emitted directly from vehicles are not the only cause for concern.
What are pollutant emissions?
The criteria pollutants are carbon monoxide (CO), lead (Pb), nitrogen dioxide(NO2), ozone (O3), particulate matter (PM), and sulfur dioxide (SO2). There are also a large number of compounds which have been determined to be hazardous which are called air toxics. Sources. There are many sources of emissions.
Which of these pollutants emitted from vehicle emissions affects children’s brain and hearing?
Third, several studies also show that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), a specific class of pollutants formed from fossil fuel combustion and commonly found in areas of high automobile traffic, contribute to a loss of or damage to white matter in the brain.